- CABBAGE, vegetable known in rabbinic literature as keruv, i.e., kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala). Highly regarded for nutritive and medicinal purposes (Ber. 44b), its leaves were eaten raw or boiled (ibid. 38b), its stem, called isparagos in the Mishnah (Ned. 6:10), being likewise used as food. In addition to kale which was grown as a perennial, garden cabbage, called teruvtor in the Mishnah, was also cultivated (Kil. 1:3). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Loew, Flora, 1 (1926), 482–7; J. Feliks, Kilei Zera'im… (1967), 80ff. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Feliks, Ha-Ẓome'aḥ, 86, 174. (Jehuda Feliks)
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.